June 14, 1894 was the birthday of Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg – a very interesting figure in the history of the Duchy. She became ruler of the small country in 1912 – the first female ruler since Maria Theresa in 1740. Marie-Adélaïde’s life was to be tragically short and complicated. Her country was invaded by German forces in the early days of the Great War in 1914. Her people became quite upset with her rule during her country’s occupation. The common perception was that she was too close to the Germans. In 1919 she was overthrown by her people and replaced by her younger sister, Charlotte. Marie-Adélaïde left the Duchy and joined a convent in Italy, but her stay was to be short-lived. She died on pneumonia at 29 years old in 1924.