On June 27, 1844, in a Carthage, Illinois jail cell, sat the leader of the new Mormon Church, Joseph Smith. He had just declared his intention to run for the Presidency of the United States. This announcement had led to increased anti-Mormon sentiment among their Illinois neighbors and to clashes between the Mormon residents of nearby Nauvoo and those of Carthage. Illinois state authorities had sided with the Carthaginians and had arrested Smith and his brother Hyrum. While they were imprisoned, a mob of angry residents stormed the jail and murdered the brothers. To find out more about the early history of Mormonism, take a listen to The History Buffs’ episode on America’s Second Great Awakening.