On July 4, 1910, in Reno, Nevada, two men stood opposite of each other in a boxing ring – Jack Johnson and Jim Jeffries. This was no ordinary bout, however. It was the for the heavyweight championship and it was the first time a Black boxer (Johnson) had stepped into the ring for such an important fight. Jim Jeffries entered the fight undefeated under the nickname “The Great White Hope” – showing just how racially charged the fight was. Johnson defeated Jeffries in 15 rounds – a result that triggered race riots. Johnson broke through a color barrier that later athletes would often get credit for, largely because, after the fight, Johnson was prosecuted and convicted under the Mann Act – based on charges that he had crossed state lines for immoral purposes, i.e., to be with a white woman. The defeater of the Great White Hope’s reputation was vanquished by the stroke of a judge’s pen.