In August 1940, the Axis Powers of Nazi Germany and Italy signed an agreement known as the Vienna Award that arbitrated some territorial disputes between two neighbors in Eastern Europe. In particular, this agreement awarded a portion of Northern Transylvania to control of the Kingdom of Hungary. The land had been help by Romania and had long been a source of contention between Romanians and Hungarians. Shortly after control of the land was handed over to Hungary, the Hungarian Army entered the town of Ip in the Salaj region of Transylvania on September 14, 1940 in response to the death of a Hungarian solider a few days previously. The soldier had died in an accident that involved a grenade exploding unintentionally. The Romanian villagers, however, were blamed. The Hungarian troops hunted down the residents and massacred some 158 ethnic Romanians that day. While atrocities such as this during World War II are over overlooked due to the massive Holocaust, the victims of such crimes also need to be remembered.